n. effort; expenditure of much physical work
E.g. The exertion spent in unscrewing the rusty bolt left her exhausted.
v. breathe out; give out
E.g. The chimney was designed to exhale thick smoke.
a. treating all parts or aspects without omission; comprehensive
E.g. We have made an exhaustive study of all published materials and are happy to share our research with you.
v. urge on or encourage, especially by shouts; make urgent appeal
E.g. He was using the phrase to exhort his compatriots to prepare for war, to engage in the struggle for freedom.
v. dig out of ground; remove from grave
E.g. Could evidence of the serial killer have been buried with his victim? To answer this question, the police asked the authorities for permission to exhume the victim's body.
n. departure of a large number of people
E.g. The exodus from the hot and stuffy city was particularly noticeable on Friday evenings.
a. greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation; exceeding proper limits
E.g. Worker mobility also appears to be constrained by rapid urbanization which has resulted in exorbitant urban housing prices and rents.
v. lay out, apply, or employ in any way; consume by use; use up or distribute, either in payment or in donations; spend
E.g. The soldiers expend all their ammunition in that fight.
n. payment or expense; output
E.g. When you are operating on an expense account, you must keep each receipt of expenditure.
ad. particularly; specifically; in an explicit manner
E.g. He stated expressly that the needed the money by tomorrow.
n. expelling; driving or forcing out; summary removal from membership or association
E.g. After his expulsion from the cabinet the minister became the subject of a smear campaign.
v. free, as from difficulties or perplexities; cause to be emitted or evolved
E.g. Icebreakers were needed to extricate the trapped whales from the icy floes that closed them in.
a. high spirited; joyously unrestrained; abundant; luxurious
E.g. An exuberant player with attractive tones on both tenor and alto, Red Holloway is also a humorous blues singer.
v. build; put together out of components or parts
E.g. If we fabricate the buildings in this project out of standardized sections, we can reduce construction costs considerably.
a. joking ,often inappropriately; humorous
E.g. Instead, the crowd began sarcastically to cheer him on and showered him with facetious advice.
n. deceptive or false appearance; false notion; deception
E.g. This particular logical fallacy is called 'circular definition'.
a. likely to fail or be inaccurate
E.g. I know I am fallible, but I feel confident that I am right this time.
a. plowed but left unseeded during a growing season; uncultivated
E.g. Farmers have learned that it is advisable to permit land to lie fallow every few years.
n. state of being familiar; intimate and frequent converse, or association; freedom from ceremony and constraint; intimacy
E.g. Where familiarity is based on experience, we might not care much.
n. excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause
E.g. An Israeli study of Palestinian suicide bombers from 2003 says religious fanaticism is just one of many factors.
n. loud flourish of brass instruments, especially trumpets; spectacular public display
E.g. The exposition was opened with a fanfare of trumpets and the firing of cannon.
n. catching with the teeth; long, pointed tooth
E.g. There's something sharp, the fang, which is probing and penetrating and moving into it.
v. cause to be interested or curious; captivate
E.g. The next moment he was "showing off" with all his might --cuffing boys, pulling hair, making faces--in a word, using every art that seemed likely to fascinate a girl and win her applause.
a. difficult to please; having complicated requirements; excessively particular demanding about details
E.g. Bobby was such a fastidious eater that he would eat a sandwich only if his mother first cut off every scrap of crust.
n. animals of a period or region
E.g. The scientist could visualize the fauna of the period by examining the skeletal remains and the fossils.
n. young deer; buck or doe of the first year; young of an animal
E.g. A fawn behind the tree looked at us curiously.
a. attempting to win favor by flattering; flattering
E.g. She was constantly surrounded by a group of fawning admirers who hoped to win some favor.
a. without skill, ineffective; worthless; lacking purpose
E.g. Anja took on the responsibility of caring for her aged mother, realizing that her feckless sister was not up to the task.
v. make false appearance of; disguise; conceal; invent or imagine
E.g. Lady Macbeth decided to feign illness although she was actually healthy.
n. agitation; chemical phenomenon in which an organic molecule splits into simpler substances
E.g. With the breakup of the Soviet Union, much of Eastern Europe was in a state of ferment.
n. any of numerous flowerless, seedless vascular plants having roots, stems, and fronds and reproducing by spores
E.g. Seems it's an area that is richer in fern species than any other part of Mexico.
a. extremely hot; sincerely or intensely felt
E.g. She felt that the fervent praise was excessive and somewhat undeserved.
n. intensity of feeling; warmth of feeling; intense, heated emotion
E.g. At the protest rally, the students cheered the strikers and booed the dean with equal fervor.
v. restrain with U-shaped bar for ankles or feet; impede; hamper
E.g. They fetter the prisoner to the wall.
a. existing only in imagination; feigned; not true or real
E.g. Although this book purports to be a biography of George Washington, many of the incidents are fictitious.
a. not literal, but metaphorical; using figure of speech
E.g. The only difference between the verbs loan and lend is that loan can’t be used in figurative senses.
n. token; figure on the bow of some sailing vessels
E.g. The figurehead embodied the spirit of a ship and was originally believed to placate the gods of the sea and ensure a safe voyage.
v. block legislation by making long speeches
E.g. Even though we disapproved of Senator Foghorn's political goals, we were impressed by his ability to filibuster endlessly to keep an issue from coming to a vote.
n. any luminous winged insect, as luminous beetles of the family Lampyridae
E.g. It is sort of emission of visible light by living organisms such as the firefly and various fish, fungi, and bacteria.
a. weak; lacking firmness
E.g. If they become too fat, that is a flaw and they are called flabby.