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300 Must Have GRE Word List 1

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abate:
/ə'beɪt/ v. Syn. subside; decrease; lessen
(减弱,减少) subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity

aberrant:
/æ'bɛrənt/ n. Syn. abnormal; deviant
(不正常的) abnormal; markedly different from an accepted norm

abscond:
/æb'skɒnd/ v.
(隐匿,逃避,躲债) leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution

accolade:
/'ækəleɪd/ n. Syn. praise
(出名的大奖) award of merit; expression of approval; praise

acumen:
/'ækjʊmɛn, ə'kju:mɛn/ n. Syn. acuteness; insight
(思想敏锐) mental keenness; quickness of perception

adulation:
/ædjʊ'leɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. flattery; admiration
(奉承,恭维) excessive flattery or admiration; unmerited praise

adulterate:
/ə'dʌltəreɪt/ v.
(掺杂) make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances

aesthetic:
/i:s'θɛtɪk/ a. Syn. artistic; elegant
(审美的) elegant or tasteful; of or concerning appreciation of beauty or good taste

aggrandize:
/ə'grændaɪz/ v. Syn. increase; intensify
(增加,加强) increase scope of; extend; intensify; make greater in power, influence, stature, or reputation

alacrity:
/ə'lækrɪtɪ/ n.
(欢快的情绪) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness

alchemy:
/'ælkəmɪ/ n.
(炼金术士) medieval chemistry; magical or mysterious power or process of transforming

amalgamate:
/ə'mælgəmeɪt/ v. Syn. combine; mix
(结合,整合) combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury

ameliorate:
/ə'mi:lɪəreɪt/ v. Syn. improve
(提高) make or become better; improve; grow better

amenable:
/ə'mi:nəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. responsible; accountable
(有服从义务的,随时服从的) responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable

anomaly:
/ə'nɒməlɪ/ n. Syn. irregularity
(不规则,异常,反常) irregularity; person or something that is unusual; departure from normal or common order

approbation:
/æprə'beɪʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. approval
(同意,批准) expression of warm approval; praise

archaic:
/ɑr'keiɪk/ a. Syn. antiquated
(过时的) no longer current or applicable; antiquated

arduous:
/'ɑrdjʊəs/;/'ɑrdʒʊəs/ a. Syn. hard; strenuous
(努力,奋发) demanding great effort or labor; difficult

ascetic:
/ə'sɛtɪk/ a. Syn. austere; severe
(苦行,禁欲) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere

assuage:
/ə'sweɪdʒ/ v. Syn. relieve
(缓和,减轻) ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease

astringent:
/ə'strɪndʒənt/ a. Syn. austere
(收敛的) causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere

audacious:
/ɔ:'deɪʃəs/ a. Syn. brave; bold
(大胆的,鲁莽的) fearlessly, often recklessly daring; bold

austere:
/ɒ'stɪə(r)/ a.
(严厉的,朴素的) strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented

avarice:
/'ævərɪs/ n.
(贪婪,贪财) greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain

aver:
/ə'vɜr(r)/ v. Syn. affirm
(断言,声明,证明) declare to be true; affirm

axiom:
/'æksɪəm/ n.
(公理,自明的道理) self-evident truth requiring no proof

bolster:
/'boʊlstə(r)/ v. Syn. support; reinforce
(支持,增援) support or prop up with or as if with a long narrow pillow or cushion

bombastic:
/bɒm'bæstɪk/ a. Syn. pompous
(夸张的) pompous; using inflated language; high-sounding but with little meaning

bucolic:
/bju:'kɒlɪk/ a. Syn. rustic; pastoral
(田园的) rustic; pastoral; agricultural; relating to country affairs, or to shepherd's life and occupation

burgeon:
/'bɜrdʒ(ə)n/ v. Syn. thrive; mushroom
(发芽,成长) grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly

canon:
/'kænən/ n.
(经典,真作) law or rule; decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by authority; books of the Bible officially accepted; a group of literary works

capricious:
/kə'prɪʃəs/ a. Syn. unpredictable; fickle; arbitrary
(反复无常的) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly

catalyst:
/'kætəlɪst/ n. Syn. enzyme; stimulus
(催化剂) agent which brings about chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged

caustic:
/'kɔ:stɪk/ a.
(腐蚀,挖苦) capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action

censure:
/'sɛnʃə(r)/ v. Syn. blame; criticize
(责怪,批评) expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame

chary:
/'tʃɛərɪ/ a. Syn. cautious
(谨慎,吝啬) cautious; sparing or restrained about giving

chicanery:
/ʃɪ'keɪnərɪ/ n. Syn. trickery; deception
(强辩,狡辩,欺骗) mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry

cogent:
/'koʊdʒənt/ a. Syn. convincing
(有说服力的) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive

connoisseur:
/kɒnə'sɜr(r)/ n. Syn. specialist; expert
(鉴赏家,行家) specialist; person with expert knowledge or training, especially in the fine arts

contentious:
/kən'tɛnʃəs/ a. Syn. quarrelsome; disagreeable
(引起争论的,好争吵的) quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy

convention:
/kən'vɛnʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. conference; norm; custom
(习俗,惯例) social or moral custom; formal meeting of members, representatives, or delegates; agreement between states

convoluted:
/'kɒnvəlutɪd/ a. Syn. intricate
(围绕,卷绕,费解) coiled around; highly involved; intricate

credulous:
/'krɛdjʊləs/;/'krɛdʒələs/ a.
(轻信的,易信的) apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting; believed too readily

cynicism:
/'sɪnəsɪz(ə)m/ n.
(愤世嫉俗,犬儒主义) a scornfully or jadedly negative comment or act

dearth:
/dɜrθ/ n. Syn. scarcity
(稀缺,缺乏) scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops

decorum:
/dɪ'kɔ:rəm/ n.
(礼貌,温文尔雅) propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior

demur:
/dɪ'mɜr(r)/ v. Syn. hesitate
(反对,犹豫) object because of doubts; hesitate

desiccate:
/'dɛsɪkeɪt/ v.
(弄干) dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture

discordant:
/dɪ'skɔ:d(ə)nt/ a. Syn. conflicting
(不和谐的,冲突的) not harmonious; conflicting; disagreeable in sound; harsh or dissonant

discretion:
/dɪ'skrɛʃ(ə)n/ n. Syn. prudence
(判断力,审慎的) knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress; trait of judging wisely and objectively

disinterested:
/dɪs'ɪntrɪstɪd/ a. Syn. indifferent
(公允的) not interested; indifferent; free of self-interest; impartial

disparage:
/dɪ'spærɪdʒ/ v. Syn. belittle
(忽略,轻视) belittle; speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; reduce in esteem or rank

disparate:
/'dɪspərət/ a. Syn. unrelated
(大相径庭的,没关系的) fundamentally distinct or different in kind; entirely dissimilar

dissemble:
/dɪ'sɛmb(ə)l/ v. Syn. disguise; pretend
(伪装,做作,掩饰) disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of

divulge:
/daɪ'vʌldʒ/ v. Syn. reveal
(揭开,暴露) reveal; make known to public

dogmatic:
/dɒg'mætɪk/;/dɔ:gmætɪk/ a. Syn. opinionated; doctrinal
(独断的,教条的,固执的) stubbornly adhering to insufficiently proven beliefs; inflexible, rigid

eccentric:
/ɪk'sɛntrɪk/ a. Syn. irregular; odd; whimsical; bizarre
(古怪的,奇怪的) departing from a recognized, conventional, or established norm or pattern

eclectic:
/ɪ'klɛktɪk/ a.
(折衷的) composed of elements from a variety of sources

effrontery:
/ɛ'frʌntərɪ/ n.
(厚颜无耻) shameless or brazen boldness; insolent and shameless audacity

elegy:
/'ɛlɪdʒɪ/ n.
(挽歌,悲歌) poem or song expressing lamentation; mournful poem

eloquent:
/'ɛləkwənt/ a. Syn. expressive; persuasive
(善于表达的,有口才的) vividly or movingly expressive; persuasive

emollient:
/ɪ'mɒlɪənt/ n.
(缓和,安抚) having softening or soothing effect, especially to skin

empirical:
/ɛm'pɪrɪk(ə)l/ a.
(经验主义) derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

endemic:
/ɛn'dɛmɪk/ a.
(地方的,小范围内的) prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country

enervate:
/'ɛnəveɪt/ v. Syn. weaken
(使变弱) weaken or destroy strength or vitality of; remove a nerve or part of a nerve

enigmatic:
/ɛnɪg'mætɪk/ a. Syn. obscure; puzzling
(朦胧的,谜一样的) obscure; puzzling; not easily explained or accounted for

ennui:
/ɒn'wi:/ n.
(厌倦) feeling of being bored by something tedious

ephemeral:
/ɪ'fɛmərəl/ a.
(朝生暮死,短暂,短命) short-lived; enduring a very short time

equivocate:
/ɪ'kwɪvəkeɪt/ v. Syn. lie; mislead
(撒谎,误导) lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth

erudite:
/'ɛru:daɪt/ a. Syn. learned; scholarly
(博学的) learned; scholarly, with emphasis on knowledge gained from books

esoteric:
/i:soʊ'tɛrɪk/ a. Syn. mysterious
(难以理解的,深奥的) hard to understand; known only in a particular group

eulogy:
/'ju:lədʒɪ/ n.
(颂词,赞美词) expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death

evanescent:
/i:və'nɛs(ə)nt/;/ɛv-/ a. Syn. fleeting; vanishing
(消散的,凋零的) fleeting; vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor

exacerbate:
/ɛk'sæsəbeɪt/ v. Syn. worsen; embitter
(恶化,加剧) increase severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate

exculpate:
/'ɛkskʌlpeɪt/ v.
(开脱,洗脱) pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exonerate:
/ɪg'zɒnəreɪt/ v. Syn. acquit; exculpate
(开脱,免罪) acquit; free from blame; discharge from duty

facetious:
/fə'si:ʃəs/ a. Syn. humorous
(不合时宜的玩笑,幽默) joking ,often inappropriately; humorous

fallacy:
/'fæləsɪ/ n.
(谬误,错误) deceptive or false appearance; false notion; deception

fawn:
/fɔ:n/ n.
(未满周岁的小鹿,巴结,奉承) young deer; buck or doe of the first year; young of an animal

fervent:
/'fɜrvənt/ a.
(炙热的,诚挚的) extremely hot; sincerely or intensely felt

filibuster:
/'fɪlɪbʌstə(r)/ v.
((发表长篇演讲来)阻挠法案通过) block legislation by making long speeches

flout:
/flaʊt/ v. Syn. reject; mock
(轻视,嘲笑,愚弄) reject; mock; express contempt for rules by word or action; behave with contempt

fortuitous:
/fɔ:'tju:ɪtəs/;/-'tu:-/ a. Syn. accidental; random
(偶然的) accidental; by chance; coming or occurring without any cause

furtive:
/'fɜrtɪv/ a.
(隐秘的,偷偷摸摸,鬼祟) marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

garrulous:
/'gærʊləs/ a. Syn. wordy; talkative
(贫嘴) talking much and repetition of unimportant or trivial details

germane:
/dʒɜr'meɪn/ a. Syn. pertinent; relevant
(密切相关) related to the topic being discussed or considered; appropriate or fitting; relevant

glib:
/glɪb/ a. Syn. fluent
(光滑,柔顺,口齿伶俐,圆滑) performed with a natural or offhand ease

gregarious:
/grɪ'gɛərɪəs/ a. Syn. sociable
(社交的,群居) sociable; seeking and enjoying the company of others

hackneyed:
/'hæknɪd/ a. Syn. commonplace
(常见的,不希罕,陈腐) repeated too often; over familiar through overuse

halcyon:
/'hælsɪən/ a.
(平静的,愉快的) idyllically calm and peaceful; marked by peace and prosperity

harangue:
/hə'ræŋ/ n.
(夸大的讲话) noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression

hegemony:
/hɪ'gɛmənɪ/;/'hɛdʒɛmoʊnɪ/ n.
(霸权,盟主权) domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by political group or nation over others

heretical:
/hə'rɛtɪkəl/ a. Syn. oppositional
(背离原来的信仰和原则) departing from accepted beliefs or standards; oppositional

hubris:
/'hju:brɪs/ n.
(过分自傲,目中无人) excessive pride or self-confidence

hyperbole:
/haɪ'pɜrbəlɪ/ n. Syn. exaggeration; overstatement
(夸张) figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis; overstatement

imminent:
/'ɪmɪnənt/ a. Syn. impending
(即将到来,逼近的) near at hand; close in time; about to occur

immutable:
/ɪ'mju:təb(ə)l/ a. Syn. unchangeable
(不可动摇的,不能改变的) unable to be changed without exception; not mutable

impassive:
/ɪm'pæsɪv/ a.
(冷漠的) without feeling; revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited

impecunious:
/ɪmpɪ'kju:nɪəs/ a. Syn. poor
(身无分文的) without money; poor; penniless

imperturbable:
/ɪmpə'tɜrbəb(ə)l/ a. Syn. calm; placid
(沉着冷静,平静) unshakably calm; placid; incapable of being disturbed or disconcerted

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