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500 Hard GRE Words 2


 GRE List

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Back to home page of the vocabulary: 500 Hard GRE Words

jeopardize: endanger; imperil; put at risk

jingoistic: extremely patriotic; nationalistic

jocular: humorous, amusing or joking; sportive; not serious

jollity: gayness; splendor; cheerfulness or celebration

jubilant: happy; merry; joyful and proud especially because of triumph or success

judicious: exhibiting good judgment or sound thinking; prudent

jurisprudence: philosophy or science of law; division or department of law

juxtapose: place next to

libertine: free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint

list: lean or cause to lean to the side; lean over; itemize

maudlin: tearfully sentimental; over-emotional; sickly-sentimental

mendacious: lying; habitually dishonest; speaking falsely

mercenary: interested in making money; profit oriented; hired for service in foreign army

mercurial: capricious; liable to sudden unpredictable change; quick and changeable in temperament

meretricious: of or pertaining to prostitutes; tastelessly showy; lustful; deceptive; misleading

merge: combine; unite

metaphorically: symbolically; figuratively

meticulous: excessively careful; marked by extreme care in treatment of details

mettle: quality of endurance and courage; good temperament and character

mettlesome: spirited

milieu: environment; person’s social setting or environment

millinery: hats and hat-making

minatory: threatening

mire: cause to sink or become stuck in; hinder, entrap, or entangle

misanthrope: one who hates or mistrusts mankind

misnomer: error in naming person or place; name wrongly or unsuitably applied to a person or an object

misogynist: hater of women

misrepresentation: deliberately deceiving

mitigate: make less severe or harsh; moderate

modicum: limited quantity; small or moderate amount; any small thing

momentous: very important; of outstanding significance or consequence

monotonous: boring; dull; tediously repetitious or lacking in variety

moralistic: concerned with morals

moratorium: legal delay of payment; suspension of an ongoing or planned activity

moribund: dying; in dying state; approaching death; about to die

morose: ill humored; sullen; depressingly dark; gloomy; persistent

mundane: belonging to this earth or world; not ideal or heavenly; concerned with commonplaces; ordinary

munificent: very liberal in giving; showing great generosity

mutinous: unruly; rebellious; turbulent and uncontrollable

myriad: of very large or indefinite number; of ten thousand

natty: neatly or smartly dressed; neat, trim, and smart

navigable: wide and deep enough to allow ships to pass through; able to be steered

nebulous: lacking definite form or limits; hazy; cloudy

nefarious: very wicked; infamous by being extremely wicked

negate: cancel out; make ineffective or invalid; deny

negligence: neglect; failure to take reasonable care; state or quality of being negligent

neologism: new or newly invented word or phrase

nettle: cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; vex

niggardly: miserly; stingy

nomadic: leading a wandering life with no fixed abode; changeable; unsettled

nonchalance: indifference; lack of concern; composure

nondescript: dull and uninteresting; lacking distinct or individual

nonentity: person of no importance; something that does not exist or that exists only in imagination

nostalgia: homesickness; bittersweet longing for things of past.

notoriety: known for some unfavorable act or quality; bad or ill fame

novel: previously unknown; strikingly new, unusual, or different; young

novice: beginner; person new to a field or activity

nugatory: of minor significance; futile

occluded: obscured; blocked

opprobrious: bringing disgrace; shameful or infamous

ossified: turned to bone; become rigid

ostracism: shunning; social isolation

paucity: scarcity; smallness of number; fewness

peccadillo: slight offense; small sin or fault

pedant: one who is overly concerned with formal rules and trivial points of learning

pedestrian: lacking wit or imagination; ordinary

peerless: having no equal; incomparable

pejorative: tending to make or become worse; disparaging or belittling

pellucid: transparent; limpid; easy to understand

penchant: strong inclination; definite liking

pensive: deeply, often dreamily thoughtful; engaged in serious thought or reflection; contemplative

penury: extreme poverty; lack of something; barrenness; insufficiency

perceptive: insightful; aware; wise; having the ability to perceive

percipient: perceptive; insightful

perdition: entire ruin; utter destruction, especially, utter loss of soul, or of final happiness in future

peremptory: offensively self-assured; dictatorial; not allowing contradiction or refusal

perfidy: act of violating faith or allegiance; violation of a promise or vow, or of trust reposed; faithlessness; treachery

perfunctory: done routinely and with little interest or care; acting with indifference; showing little interest or care

peripatetic: nomadic; moving from place to place

peripheral: located in outer boundary; unimportant; auxiliary

perjury: false testimony while under oath; breach of an oath or promise

pernicious: very destructive; tending to cause death or serious injury; deadly

perpetuated: caused to continue

perpetuity: eternity

persnickety: fastidious; fussy

personable: pleasing in personality or appearance; attractive

perspicacious: having keen insight; mentally perceptive; astute

perspicacity: insight

pertinent: having precise or logical relevance; pertaining or relating

peruse: read or examine, typically with great care

pervasive: pervading; spread throughout every part

petrify: convert wood or other organic matter into stony replica; cause to become stiff or stonelike

petulant: easily irritated or annoyed; unreasonably irritable or ill-tempered

phenomenon: appearance; anything visible, in matter or spirit; extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence

philanthropy: charity; love of mankind

philistine: narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain

phlegmatic: calm; not easily disturbed; not easily excited to action or passion

pillage: rob of goods by force, especially in time of war; plunder; take as spoils

pinnacle: peak; tall pointed formation, such as mountain peak

pious: devout; religious; exhibiting strict, traditional sense of virtue and morality

pivotal: being of vital or central importance; crucial

placate: appease or pacify; bring peace to

placebo: harmless substance prescribed as a dummy pill

plumb: checking perpendicularity; exactly vertical

probity: uprightness; honesty

protean: versatile; able to take on many shapes; readily taking on varied shapes

protégé: person under protection of, or guided by another

protocol: code of correct conduct ; rules governing socially acceptable behavior; record of transaction

provincial: relating to a province; limited in outlook; unsophisticated

prudent: cautious; careful in regard to one's own interests

puerile: childish; belonging to childhood; immature

puissance: power

punctilious: marked by precise accordance with details

purloin: steal, often in violation of trust; put away; remove

pusillanimous: cowardly; lacking strength and firmness of mind

pyromania: person with insane desire to set things on fire

quaff: drink with relish; swallow hurriedly or greedily

quagmire: soft wet boggy land; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself

quaint: odd; old-fashioned; picturesque; unfamiliar or unusual in character

quandary: dilemma; state of uncertainty or perplexity

quarantine: isolation of person or ship to prevent spread of infection; condition of enforced isolation

quarry: victim; object of hunt; hunted animal

querulous: habitually complaining; expressing complaint or grievance

quintessential: most typical; the perfect example of

quirk: sudden sharp turn or twist; strange attitude or habit; peculiarity of behavior

raconteur: storyteller; one who tells stories and anecdotes with skill and wit

ramble: wander aimlessly; move about aimlessly; walk about casually or for pleasure

ramifications: branches; subdivisions of a complex system; outcomes

rancor: bitter, long-lasting resentment; deep-seated ill will; hatred

rant: talk excitedly; speak or write in an angry or violent manner

rarefy: weaken the consistency; purify or refine; lessen the density

ratify: approve formally; confirm; verify

raucous: harsh and rough-sounding; disturbing public peace; loud and rough

raze: destroy completely; scrape or shave off

rebuttal: proving to be false or incorrect; response with contrary evidence

recant: retract a previous statement; sing over again; utter repeatedly in song

recapitulate: summarize; repeat in concise form

receptacle: container; reservoir

recluse: one who lives in solitude; withdrawn from the world; reclusive

recondite: obscure

recumbent: reclining; lying down completely or in part

recuperate: recover; return to health or strength; recover from financial loss

red: tape formalities; paperwork; official procedure

redolent: fragrant; odorous; suggestive of odor

redress: remedy; compensation; act of correcting error or fault

redundant: exceeding what is necessary or natural; repetitious; excessively wordy

referendum: direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment; note from a diplomat to his government requesting instructions

refulgent: glowing; radiant

refute: disprove; prove to be false or incorrect

regale: entertain; provide with great enjoyment

relegate: assign to obscure place, position, or condition; delegate; assign

remorse: pain of a guilty conscience; feeling of deep regret

repine: fret; be discontented

runic: mysterious; magical

sidereal: of or related to stars

sinecure: well-paid position with little responsibility

solicitous: worried or concerned; full of desire; expressing care or concern

sophomoric: immature; half-baked, like a sophomore

soporific: sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness

sparse: occurring, growing, or settled at widely spaced intervals; not thick or dense

specious: seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading intentionally

speckled: spotted; freckled; dotted

sporadic: occurring at irregular intervals; having no pattern or order in time

spurious: false; counterfeit; forged; illogical

stagnant: not moving or flowing; lacking vitality or briskness; stale; dull

staid: sober; serious, organized, and professional; characterized by dignity and propriety

stanza: unit of poem, written or printed as a paragraph

staunch: loyal; faithful; dependable

stereotype: fixed and unvarying representation; conventional and oversimplified conception

stevedore: dockworker

stifle: interrupt or cut off voice; keep in or hold back; suppress; conceal or hide

stipulate: specify or arrange in agreement; express demand in agreement; promise in agreement

stoic: indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain

stoke: stir up fire; feed plentifully; supply a furnace with fuel

stolid: dull; impassive; having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

stratagem: deceptive scheme; military maneuver designed to deceive or surprise enemy

strident: loud and harsh; insistent; high-pitched; rough-sounding

stringent: demanding strict attention to rules and procedures; binding; rigid

strut: display in order to impress others; swagger; walk with a lofty proud gait

stupefying: astonishing; shocking; stunning into silence

stygian: very dark

subliminal: below threshold of conscious perception, especially if still able to produce a response

subpoena: written order to require appearance in court to give testimony

substantiate: establish by evidence; make firm or solid; support

subterfuge: pretense; something intended to misrepresent

subtle: slight; be difficult to detect or grasp by the mind

subversive: tending to overthrow; in opposition to civil authority or government

succinct: brief or compact; by clear, precise expression in few words

suffragist: advocate of voting rights for women

supercilious: arrogant; feeling or showing haughty disdain; overbearing

superlative: extremely good; the best

supine: lying flat on one’s back

surly: rude; sullenly ill humored; gloomy; threatening, as of weather conditions

surreptitious: secret; done or made by stealth, or without proper authority; made or introduced fraudulently

surreptitiously: secretly; furtively; stealthily

susceptible: easily influenced; having little resistance, as to a disease; receptive to

suspect: have doubts about; distrust

sybarite: person devoted to pleasure and luxury

sycophant: one who attempts to win favor by flattering influential people; bootlicker; yes man

taciturn: silent or reserved in speech; saying little; not inclined to speak or converse

tactile: used for feeling; relating to sense of touch; perceptible to the sense of touch; tangible

testiness: irritability; irascibility

throwback: exhibiting primitive, or ancestral, traits

touting: advertising; supporting

untoward: contrary to your interests or welfare; inconvenient; troublesome

venal: capable of being bribed; for sale, available for a price; corrupt

veneer: thin layer; coating consisting of thin layer; ornamental coating to a building

venerate: treat with great respect and deference; consider hallowed or be in awe of

venial: pardonable; able to be forgiven; trivial

veracity: truthfulness; unwillingness to tell lies

verbose: wordy; using or containing a great and usually an excessive number of words

verbosity: using too many words

verisimilar: true to life; giving the appearance of reality

vertigo: severe dizziness; reeling sensation; feeling about to fall

vestigial: not developed

vignette: unbordered picture, often a portrait; decorative design placed at beginning or end of book or chapter; short literary sketch

vindicate: clear from blame; exonerate; maintain, uphold, or defend

virtuosity: appreciation for or interest in fine objects of art; lovers of the elegant arts collectively

virtuoso: highly skilled artist, as musician; one who is dazzlingly skilled in his field

virulent: extremely poisonous; hostile; bitter

vital: full of life; animated; necessary to continued existence; living or breathing

vitriolic: harsh or corrosive in tone; sarcastic; bitterly scathing

vituperate: attack bitterly

vivacity: liveliness; animation

vivify: enliven

vociferous: offensively loud; noisy; making outcry

volatile: tending to vary often or widely, as in price; inconstant or fickle; tending to violence

volubility: excessive talkativeness

voluble: fluent; glib; talkative; marked by ready flow of speech

voluminous: large in volume or bulk; large in number or quantity, especially of discourse

voracious: ravenous; excessively greedy and grasping; devouring or craving food in great quantities

waive: give up temporarily; yield; give up voluntarily; defer

wane: decrease in size or strength; draw gradually to an end

wary: very cautious; on guard; watchful

wax: increase gradually in size, number, strength, or intensity; show a progressively larger illuminated area

waylay: lie in wait for and attack from ambush; wait in hiding to attack; intercept unexpectedly

weighty: serious

whelp: young offspring of a mammal, such as a dog or wolf; child or youth

whet: sharpen, as knife; make more keen; stimulate

whimsical: determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason; capricious

whittle: reduce or eliminate gradually, with knife; cut small bits off

willful: intentional; headstrong; said or done on purpose; deliberate

wily: cunning; full of tricks; skill in deception

wispy: thin; slight; lacking clarity or distinctness

wistful: full of wishful yearning or longing; sadly thoughtful

zany: comical because of strangeness; ludicrously comical; clownish; bizarre

zeal: intense interest; eagerness to accomplish some object

zealot: fanatically committed person; person who shows excessive zeal

zenith: point directly overhead in sky; summit

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