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Princeton GRE Vocabulary 1

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In views of many GRE exam takers, the Princeton GRE vocabulary seems easier and shorter than its competitors. However, if you just want to pass GRE test and have a score, this list can save much of time. We add extra explanations in 20 languages for each word to help ESL test takers. For people who are extremely difficult in vocabulary building, it offers a realistic solution to deal with GRE word preparation.


abate: subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity

accolade: award of merit; expression of approval; praise

alacrity: cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness

amalgamate: combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury

ambiguous: unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambivalent: mixed; experiencing or expressing opposing or contradictory feelings

ameliorate: make or become better; improve; grow better

amenable: responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable

approbation: expression of warm approval; praise

ascetic: leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere

assiduous: constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent

assuage: ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease

astringent: causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere

austere: strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented

avarice: greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain

aver: declare to be true; affirm

aversion: firm dislike; turning away; avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior because of dislike

avid: greedy; eager for; marked by keen interest and enthusiasm

avow: declare openly; acknowledge openly, boldly, and unashamedly

awry: in a position that is turned toward one side; away from correct course

axiom: self-evident truth requiring no proof

bacchanalian: drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness

baleful: portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.

barrage: artificial obstruction; heavy curtain of artillery fire; rapid, concentrated discharge of missiles

barren: desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

bedizen: ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery

belabor: discuss repeatedly; attack verbally; work hard upon

belie: contradict; give a false impression

bellicose: warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having impulse to be combative

belligerent: inclined or eager to fight; aggressive

benediction: blessing; invocation of divine blessing; expression of good wishes

bequest: inheritance; legacy; act of giving, leaving by will, or passing on to another

berate: rebuke or scold angrily and at length

bereft: deprived of; lacking; desolate because of loss

beset: attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in

binge: short period of excessive consumption; rapid and excessive consumption of food, especially of excessive alcohol

blandishment: flattery; speech or action expressive of affection or kindness, and tending to win the heart

blithe: gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted

boorish: rude and clumsy in behavior; ungentlemanly; awkward in manners

brazen: having loud, usually harsh, resonant sound; shameless

broach: introduce; bring up for discussion or debate; announce

brook: creek; stream

bucolic: rustic; pastoral; agricultural; relating to country affairs, or to shepherd's life and occupation

burgeon: grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly

burnish: make shiny by rubbing; polish

cabal: small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests

cadence: rhythmic rise and fall of words or sounds; beat

cajole: influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering

callow: youthful; immature; inexperienced; without feathers

calumny: false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander

cannon: great gun; firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force; loop at the top of a bell by which it is hung

cant: inclination or slope; slanted or oblique surface; jargon, especially of thieves; dialect

capitulate: surrender; end all resistance; give up; go along with or comply

capricious: fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly

captious: intended to confuse in an argument

castigate: criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication

caucus: private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy

caustic: capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action

censure: expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame

centurion: officer of ancient Roman army, in command of a century of soldiers or minor division

chagrin: anxiety caused by humiliation or injured pride; disappointment

chary: cautious; sparing or restrained about giving

chicanery: mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry

choleric: hot-tempered; easily angered; bad-tempered; expressing anger

clamor: noise; loud outcry; expression of discontent or protest

coddle: treat gently; cook in water just below boiling point

codicil: supplement or appendix, especially to a will

cogent: reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive

cogitate: think earnestly or studiously; meditate; ponder; think deeply

colander: bowl-shaped strainer, used to wash or drain foods

collusion: secret agreement for an illegal purpose; conspiracy

commensurate: of the same size, extent, or duration as another

commodious: spacious and comfortable; fit; proper; convenient

compunction: feeling of deep regret; strong uneasiness caused by a sense of guilt

conceit: overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride

concord: agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things

confluence: act of two things flowing together; junction or meeting place where two things meet

confound: cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up

congenial: compatible

congenital: present at birth; inborn; innate

consternation: intense state of fear or dismay; astonishment combined with terror

consummate: carried to the utmost extent or degree; of the highest quality; complete; perfect

contentious: quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy

contiguous: sharing an edge or boundary; touching; neighboring

continence: self control; self restraint; partial or complete abstention from sexual activity

conundrum: riddle; difficult problem; dilemma

convivial: festive; occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

convoke: call together; cause to assemble in meeting; convene

convoluted: coiled around; highly involved; intricate

cornucopia: goat's horn overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance

corporeal: bodily; of a material nature; tangible

corroborate: establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence

countenance: give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve

countervail: act or react with equal force; ; counteract

coy: quiet; still; tending to avoid people and social situations; reserved

cravat: a piece of silk, fine muslin, or other cloth, worn by men about the neck

curmudgeon: ill-tempered person full of stubborn ideas or opinions

cursory: casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed

dainty: delicately beautiful or charming; exquisite; gratification or pleasure taken in anything

dearth: scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops

debacle: sudden downfall; complete disaster

debilitate: make weak; enfeeble; impair the strength of

decimate: destroy or kill a large part of; select by lot and kill one in every ten of

decorum: propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior

decrepitude: state of collapse caused by illness or old age

decry: express strong disapproval of; disparage

defer: delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

deference: willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect

delineate: portray; depict; draw or trace outline of; sketch out

deluge: great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water

demagogue: person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people

demur: object because of doubts; hesitate

denigrate: blacken; defame; attack reputation of; degrade

denouement: outcome; final resolution or clarification of dramatic or narrative plot

deposition: testimony under oath; act of depositing, especially laying down of matter by natural process

deprecate: express disapproval of; protest against; belittle

descry: catch sight of; discover by careful observation or scrutiny

desiccate: dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture

desultory: aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with subject

detraction: slandering; act of discrediting from someone's reputation

digression: wandering from the main path of a journey; diversion

dilate: make wider or larger; cause to expand; enlarge; widen

dirge: a piece of music of a mournful character, to accompany funeral rites; funeral hymn

discern: detect; perceive

discomfit: make uneasy or perplexed; cause to lose one's composure; disconcert

disconcert: confuse; frustrate by throwing into disorder; embarrass

disconsolate: sad; cheerless; gloomy; hopeless or not expecting

discordant: not harmonious; conflicting; disagreeable in sound; harsh or dissonant

discourse: formal, lengthy discussion of a subject; verbal exchange; conversation

discreet: free from ostentation or pretension; distinct; distinguishable

discrepancy: lack of consistency; difference

disdain: view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion

disheveled: marked by disorder; untidy; having hair in loose disorder

disingenuous: giving a false appearance of frankness; not straightforward or candid; insincere or calculating

disinter: dig up; unearth; dig up or remove from grave or tomb; bring to public notice

disparage: belittle; speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; reduce in esteem or rank

disparate: fundamentally distinct or different in kind; entirely dissimilar

dissemble: disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of

disseminate: distribute; spread; scatter like seeds

dissent: differ in opinion or feeling; withhold assent or approval

dissimulate: pretend; hide feelings from other people

dissolute: lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices

distend: swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure

divest: free of; rid; remove all of one's clothing

divulge: reveal; make known to public

doggerel: poor verse; of crude or irregular construction

dolt: stupid person; person who is not very bright

dote: be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline

dour: stubbornly unyielding; marked by sternness or harshness

drawl: speaking with slow and lingering utterance, from laziness, lack of spirit; lengthened, slow monotonous utterance

droll: queer; amusingly odd; comical

drone: idle person; male bee; someone who takes more time than necessary

dulcet: sweet sounding; pleasing to ear; melodious

duress: forcible restraint, especially unlawfully

ebullient: showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm

eclectic: composed of elements from a variety of sources

efficacy: power to produce desired effect

effluvia: waste; foul-smelling outflow or vapor

effrontery: shameless or brazen boldness; insolent and shameless audacity

egress: act of coming or going out; emergence; right to leave; path or opening for going out

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