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Princeton GRE Vocabulary 1

 GRE List

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abate: (和らげる) subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity

accolade: (栄誉) award of merit; expression of approval; praise

alacrity: (乗り気) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness

amalgamate: (合併する) combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury

ambiguous: (あいまい) unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambivalent: (曖昧) mixed; experiencing or expressing opposing or contradictory feelings

ameliorate: (改善) make or become better; improve; grow better

amenable: (従順) responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable

approbation: (賛同) expression of warm approval; praise

ascetic: (禁欲) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere

assiduous: (勤勉) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent

assuage: (緩和) ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease

astringent: (収斂) causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere

austere: (オーロラ) strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented

avarice: (欲) greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain

aver: (aver) declare to be true; affirm

aversion: (嫌悪) firm dislike; turning away; avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior because of dislike

avid: (熱心な) greedy; eager for; marked by keen interest and enthusiasm

avow: (言い放つ) declare openly; acknowledge openly, boldly, and unashamedly

awry: (ゆがん) in a position that is turned toward one side; away from correct course

axiom: (公理) self-evident truth requiring no proof

bacchanalian: (どんちゃん騒ぎは) drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness

baleful: (悪意) portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.

barrage: (弾幕) artificial obstruction; heavy curtain of artillery fire; rapid, concentrated discharge of missiles

barren: (不毛) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

bedizen: (着飾らせる) ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery

belabor: (殴る) discuss repeatedly; attack verbally; work hard upon

belie: (裏切る) contradict; give a false impression

bellicose: (好戦) warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having impulse to be combative

belligerent: (好戦) inclined or eager to fight; aggressive

benediction: (祝福) blessing; invocation of divine blessing; expression of good wishes

bequest: (遺産) inheritance; legacy; act of giving, leaving by will, or passing on to another

berate: (誹謗) rebuke or scold angrily and at length

bereft: (失っ) deprived of; lacking; desolate because of loss

beset: (悩まさ) attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in

binge: (むちゃ) short period of excessive consumption; rapid and excessive consumption of food, especially of excessive alcohol

blandishment: (甘言) flattery; speech or action expressive of affection or kindness, and tending to win the heart

blithe: (軽率) gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted

boorish: (がさつ) rude and clumsy in behavior; ungentlemanly; awkward in manners

brazen: (厚かましい) having loud, usually harsh, resonant sound; shameless

broach: (剛毛) introduce; bring up for discussion or debate; announce

brook: (小川) creek; stream

bucolic: (牧歌) rustic; pastoral; agricultural; relating to country affairs, or to shepherd's life and occupation

burgeon: (新芽) grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly

burnish: (磨く) make shiny by rubbing; polish

cabal: (秘密結社) small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests

cadence: (リズム) rhythmic rise and fall of words or sounds; beat

cajole: (仕向ける) influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering

callow: (未熟) youthful; immature; inexperienced; without feathers

calumny: (未熟) false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander

cannon: (大砲) great gun; firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force; loop at the top of a bell by which it is hung

cant: (犬) inclination or slope; slanted or oblique surface; jargon, especially of thieves; dialect

capitulate: (降伏) surrender; end all resistance; give up; go along with or comply

capricious: (気まぐれ) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly

captious: (あら探し) intended to confuse in an argument

castigate: (懲らしめる) criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication

caucus: (幹部) private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy

caustic: (苛性ソーダ) capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action

censure: (非難) expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame

centurion: (隊長) officer of ancient Roman army, in command of a century of soldiers or minor division

chagrin: (悔し) anxiety caused by humiliation or injured pride; disappointment

chary: (うるさい) cautious; sparing or restrained about giving

chicanery: (ごまかし) mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry

choleric: (怒った) hot-tempered; easily angered; bad-tempered; expressing anger

clamor: (叫び) noise; loud outcry; expression of discontent or protest

coddle: (甘やかす) treat gently; cook in water just below boiling point

codicil: (補足) supplement or appendix, especially to a will

cogent: (説得) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive

cogitate: (案ずる) think earnestly or studiously; meditate; ponder; think deeply

colander: (ザル) bowl-shaped strainer, used to wash or drain foods

collusion: (談合) secret agreement for an illegal purpose; conspiracy

commensurate: (相応) of the same size, extent, or duration as another

commodious: (広い) spacious and comfortable; fit; proper; convenient

compunction: (良心の呵責) feeling of deep regret; strong uneasiness caused by a sense of guilt

conceit: (気分) overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride

concord: (哀れむ) agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things

confluence: (合流) act of two things flowing together; junction or meeting place where two things meet

confound: (混同) cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up

congenial: (気心) compatible

congenital: (先天性) present at birth; inborn; innate

consternation: (仰天) intense state of fear or dismay; astonishment combined with terror

consummate: (至上) carried to the utmost extent or degree; of the highest quality; complete; perfect

contentious: (論争) quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy

contiguous: (連続) sharing an edge or boundary; touching; neighboring

continence: (失禁) self control; self restraint; partial or complete abstention from sexual activity

conundrum: (難問) riddle; difficult problem; dilemma

convivial: (陽気) festive; occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

convoke: (召集) call together; cause to assemble in meeting; convene

convoluted: (複雑) coiled around; highly involved; intricate

cornucopia: (宝庫) goat's horn overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance

corporeal: (肉体) bodily; of a material nature; tangible

corroborate: (裏付ける) establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence

countenance: (顔) give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve

countervail: (相殺) act or react with equal force; ; counteract

coy: (内気) quiet; still; tending to avoid people and social situations; reserved

cravat: (ネクタイ) a piece of silk, fine muslin, or other cloth, worn by men about the neck

curmudgeon: (意地の悪い人) ill-tempered person full of stubborn ideas or opinions

cursory: (ザッ) casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed

dainty: (珍味) delicately beautiful or charming; exquisite; gratification or pleasure taken in anything

dearth: (学者) scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops

debacle: (騒動) sudden downfall; complete disaster

debilitate: (弱体化) make weak; enfeeble; impair the strength of

decimate: (gawkは) destroy or kill a large part of; select by lot and kill one in every ten of

decorum: (礼儀作法) propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior

decrepitude: (老衰) state of collapse caused by illness or old age

decry: (けなす) express strong disapproval of; disparage

defer: (延期) delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

deference: (敬意) willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect

delineate: (描く) portray; depict; draw or trace outline of; sketch out

deluge: (洪水) great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water

demagogue: (デマゴーグ) person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people

demur: (異議) object because of doubts; hesitate

denigrate: (けなす) blacken; defame; attack reputation of; degrade

denouement: (ペンダント) outcome; final resolution or clarification of dramatic or narrative plot

deposition: (揮発性) testimony under oath; act of depositing, especially laying down of matter by natural process

deprecate: (廃止) express disapproval of; protest against; belittle

descry: (prod) catch sight of; discover by careful observation or scrutiny

desiccate: (乾かすは) dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture

desultory: (とりとめのない) aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with subject

detraction: (キズ) slandering; act of discrediting from someone's reputation

digression: (余談) wandering from the main path of a journey; diversion

dilate: (広げる) make wider or larger; cause to expand; enlarge; widen

dirge: (哀歌) a piece of music of a mournful character, to accompany funeral rites; funeral hymn

discern: (識別) detect; perceive

discomfit: (当惑させる) make uneasy or perplexed; cause to lose one's composure; disconcert

disconcert: (当惑) confuse; frustrate by throwing into disorder; embarrass

disconsolate: (物悲し) sad; cheerless; gloomy; hopeless or not expecting

discordant: (耳障りに) not harmonious; conflicting; disagreeable in sound; harsh or dissonant

discourse: (談話) formal, lengthy discussion of a subject; verbal exchange; conversation

discreet: (控えめ) free from ostentation or pretension; distinct; distinguishable

discrepancy: (不整合) lack of consistency; difference

disdain: (軽蔑は) view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion

disheveled: (乱れた) marked by disorder; untidy; having hair in loose disorder

disingenuous: (不誠実) giving a false appearance of frankness; not straightforward or candid; insincere or calculating

disinter: (掘り出す) dig up; unearth; dig up or remove from grave or tomb; bring to public notice

disparage: (非難) belittle; speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; reduce in esteem or rank

disparate: (異種) fundamentally distinct or different in kind; entirely dissimilar

dissemble: (解体) disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of

disseminate: (品格) distribute; spread; scatter like seeds

dissent: (反対) differ in opinion or feeling; withhold assent or approval

dissimulate: (覆う) pretend; hide feelings from other people

dissolute: (自堕落) lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices

distend: (distendは) swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure

divest: (売却) free of; rid; remove all of one's clothing

divulge: (漏らす) reveal; make known to public

doggerel: (下手な詩) poor verse; of crude or irregular construction

dolt: (間抜け) stupid person; person who is not very bright

dote: (溺愛) be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline

dour: (不機嫌) stubbornly unyielding; marked by sternness or harshness

drawl: (ドロール) speaking with slow and lingering utterance, from laziness, lack of spirit; lengthened, slow monotonous utterance

droll: (ひょうきん) queer; amusingly odd; comical

drone: (ローン) idle person; male bee; someone who takes more time than necessary

dulcet: (甘美) sweet sounding; pleasing to ear; melodious

duress: (強迫) forcible restraint, especially unlawfully

ebullient: (沸騰) showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm

eclectic: (折衷) composed of elements from a variety of sources

efficacy: (効果) power to produce desired effect

effluvia: (effluviumの複数形) waste; foul-smelling outflow or vapor

effrontery: (厚かまし) shameless or brazen boldness; insolent and shameless audacity

egress: (出口) act of coming or going out; emergence; right to leave; path or opening for going out

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