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Princeton GRE Vocabulary 1

 GRE List

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abate: (减弱,减少) subside; decrease; become less in amount or intensity

accolade: (出名的大奖) award of merit; expression of approval; praise

alacrity: (欢快的情绪) cheerful promptness or willingness; eagerness; speed or quickness

amalgamate: (结合,整合) combine; unite in one body; mix or alloy a metal with mercury

ambiguous: (模棱两可的) unclear or doubtful in meaning

ambivalent: (有矛盾情绪的,举棋不定的) mixed; experiencing or expressing opposing or contradictory feelings

ameliorate: (提高) make or become better; improve; grow better

amenable: (有服从义务的,随时服从的) responsive to advice or suggestion; responsible to higher authority; willing to comply with; agreeable

approbation: (同意,批准) expression of warm approval; praise

ascetic: (苦行,禁欲) leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial; austere

assiduous: (勤奋) constant in application or attention; diligent; unceasing or persistent

assuage: (缓和,减轻) ease or lessen pain; satisfy or appease

astringent: (收敛的) causing contraction; having the effect of drawing tissue together; stern or austere

austere: (严厉的,朴素的) strict or severe in discipline; severely simple and unornamented

avarice: (贪婪,贪财) greediness for wealth; insatiable desire of gain

aver: (断言,声明,证明) declare to be true; affirm

aversion: (厌恶,抵制) firm dislike; turning away; avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior because of dislike

avid: (贪婪) greedy; eager for; marked by keen interest and enthusiasm

avow: (宣布) declare openly; acknowledge openly, boldly, and unashamedly

awry: (扭曲的,歪曲的) in a position that is turned toward one side; away from correct course

axiom: (公理,自明的道理) self-evident truth requiring no proof

bacchanalian: (喝醉的,耍酒疯) drunken; relating to reveling and drunkenness

baleful: (恶意的,有害的) portending evil; harmful in intent or effect.

barrage: (弹幕,火力网) artificial obstruction; heavy curtain of artillery fire; rapid, concentrated discharge of missiles

barren: (荒芜的,贫瘠的) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

bedizen: (俗丽,俗气) ornament something in showy, tasteless, or gaudy finery

belabor: (嘴贫,过度的说,谩骂) discuss repeatedly; attack verbally; work hard upon

belie: (掩饰,造成假象,矛盾) contradict; give a false impression

bellicose: (好斗的,好战的) warlike or hostile in manner or temperament; showing or having impulse to be combative

belligerent: (好斗的,好斗嘴的) inclined or eager to fight; aggressive

benediction: (祝福) blessing; invocation of divine blessing; expression of good wishes

bequest: (遗产,遗赠) inheritance; legacy; act of giving, leaving by will, or passing on to another

berate: (严厉指责,谴责) rebuke or scold angrily and at length

bereft: (失去的,缺少的) deprived of; lacking; desolate because of loss

beset: (困扰) attack from all sides; trouble persistently; hem in

binge: (狂饮,无节制的行为) short period of excessive consumption; rapid and excessive consumption of food, especially of excessive alcohol

blandishment: (阿谀奉承) flattery; speech or action expressive of affection or kindness, and tending to win the heart

blithe: (欢乐,高兴) gay; joyous; carefree and lighthearted

boorish: (粗鲁,笨拙) rude and clumsy in behavior; ungentlemanly; awkward in manners

brazen: (厚颜无耻,傲慢) having loud, usually harsh, resonant sound; shameless

broach: (介绍,提出,引见) introduce; bring up for discussion or debate; announce

brook: (小河,小溪) creek; stream

bucolic: (田园的) rustic; pastoral; agricultural; relating to country affairs, or to shepherd's life and occupation

burgeon: (发芽,成长) grow forth; send out buds; grow or develop rapidly

burnish: (擦拭) make shiny by rubbing; polish

cabal: (内阁) small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests

cadence: (平仄,重音) rhythmic rise and fall of words or sounds; beat

cajole: (哄骗,勾引) influence or urge by gentle urging or flattering

callow: (年幼,稚嫩,无经验) youthful; immature; inexperienced; without feathers

calumny: (诽谤,中伤) false statement maliciously made to injure another's reputation; slander

cannon: (加农炮,大炮) great gun; firearm for discharging heavy shot with great force; loop at the top of a bell by which it is hung

cant: (伪善,黑话) inclination or slope; slanted or oblique surface; jargon, especially of thieves; dialect

capitulate: (投降) surrender; end all resistance; give up; go along with or comply

capricious: (反复无常的) fickle; impulsive and unpredictable; apt to change opinions suddenly

captious: (难以讨好的,吹毛求疵的,爱挑毛病的) intended to confuse in an argument

castigate: (严厉批评,惩罚) criticize severely; punish; revise or make corrections to publication

caucus: (核心小组会议(秘密)) private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy

caustic: (腐蚀,挖苦) capable of burning, corroding, dissolving, or eating away by chemical action

censure: (责怪,批评) expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism; blame

centurion: (百夫长) officer of ancient Roman army, in command of a century of soldiers or minor division

chagrin: (伤心,失望委屈) anxiety caused by humiliation or injured pride; disappointment

chary: (谨慎,吝啬) cautious; sparing or restrained about giving

chicanery: (强辩,狡辩,欺骗) mean or unfair artifice to obscure truth; deception by trickery or sophistry

choleric: (易发怒的,脾气坏) hot-tempered; easily angered; bad-tempered; expressing anger

clamor: (吵闹声,噪音) noise; loud outcry; expression of discontent or protest

coddle: (娇养,溺爱) treat gently; cook in water just below boiling point

codicil: (遗嘱的附录) supplement or appendix, especially to a will

cogent: (有说服力的) reasonable and convincing; based on evidence; forcefully persuasive

cogitate: (考虑) think earnestly or studiously; meditate; ponder; think deeply

colander: (过滤器) bowl-shaped strainer, used to wash or drain foods

collusion: (勾结) secret agreement for an illegal purpose; conspiracy

commensurate: (相当的,相称的) of the same size, extent, or duration as another

commodious: (宽敞,舒适) spacious and comfortable; fit; proper; convenient

compunction: (后悔) feeling of deep regret; strong uneasiness caused by a sense of guilt

conceit: (自负,自大,离奇古怪的想法) overly high self-esteem; feelings of excessive pride

concord: (和谐,和睦,条约) agreement of opinions; harmonious state of things

confluence: (合流,汇流) act of two things flowing together; junction or meeting place where two things meet

confound: (谜的) cause to become confused or perplexed; fail to distinguish; mix up

congenial: (彼此合得来的,意气相投的) compatible

congenital: ((指疾病等)天生的,先天的) present at birth; inborn; innate

consternation: (大为吃惊,(极度的)惊愕,惊恐) intense state of fear or dismay; astonishment combined with terror

consummate: (完全的,完美的,完成) carried to the utmost extent or degree; of the highest quality; complete; perfect

contentious: (引起争论的,好争吵的) quarrelsome; disagreeable; marked by heated arguments or controversy

contiguous: (接触着的,接近的,邻近的,接壤的) sharing an edge or boundary; touching; neighboring

continence: (自制,节制,克制力) self control; self restraint; partial or complete abstention from sexual activity

conundrum: (谜语) riddle; difficult problem; dilemma

convivial: (欢乐,高兴) festive; occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

convoke: (召集) call together; cause to assemble in meeting; convene

convoluted: (围绕,卷绕,费解) coiled around; highly involved; intricate

cornucopia: (象征丰饶的羊角) goat's horn overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance

corporeal: (肉体的,物质的) bodily; of a material nature; tangible

corroborate: (确认,支持) establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; support with evidence

countenance: (忍受,接受) give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve

countervail: (补偿,对抗,抵消) act or react with equal force; ; counteract

coy: (腼腆的,忸怩的) quiet; still; tending to avoid people and social situations; reserved

cravat: (领巾,领结) a piece of silk, fine muslin, or other cloth, worn by men about the neck

curmudgeon: (脾气坏,吝啬) ill-tempered person full of stubborn ideas or opinions

cursory: (草率,匆忙) casual; brief or broad; not cautious, nor detailed

dainty: (精美食品,娇美的,挑剔的) delicately beautiful or charming; exquisite; gratification or pleasure taken in anything

dearth: (稀缺,缺乏) scarcity; shortage of food; famine from failure or loss of crops

debacle: (崩溃) sudden downfall; complete disaster

debilitate: (使虚弱,衰弱) make weak; enfeeble; impair the strength of

decimate: (残杀(十个里面杀一个)) destroy or kill a large part of; select by lot and kill one in every ten of

decorum: (礼貌,温文尔雅) propriety in manners and conduct; good taste in manners; conventions or requirements of polite behavior

decrepitude: (衰老,老耄) state of collapse caused by illness or old age

decry: (强烈反对) express strong disapproval of; disparage

defer: (推迟,延期) delay till later; put off; hold back to a later time

deference: (尊重的,尊重他人的) willingness to carry out the wishes of others; great respect

delineate: (描绘,描述) portray; depict; draw or trace outline of; sketch out

deluge: (大洪水) great flood; heavy downpour; any overflowing of water

demagogue: (煽动政治家) person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people

demur: (反对,犹豫) object because of doubts; hesitate

denigrate: (抹黑) blacken; defame; attack reputation of; degrade

denouement: (结局,结果) outcome; final resolution or clarification of dramatic or narrative plot

deposition: (宣言,誓言) testimony under oath; act of depositing, especially laying down of matter by natural process

deprecate: (抗议,蔑视) express disapproval of; protest against; belittle

descry: (看到) catch sight of; discover by careful observation or scrutiny

desiccate: (弄干) dry up thoroughly; make dry, dull, or lifeless; preserve foods by removing the moisture

desultory: (慢无目的的,断断续续的) aimless; haphazard; at random; not connected with subject

detraction: (诽谤) slandering; act of discrediting from someone's reputation

digression: (离题,枝节话) wandering from the main path of a journey; diversion

dilate: (使膨胀,使扩大) make wider or larger; cause to expand; enlarge; widen

dirge: (哀歌,凄凉之曲调) a piece of music of a mournful character, to accompany funeral rites; funeral hymn

discern: (看出,察觉到) detect; perceive

discomfit: (扰乱) make uneasy or perplexed; cause to lose one's composure; disconcert

disconcert: (迷惑,扰乱,使难堪) confuse; frustrate by throwing into disorder; embarrass

disconsolate: (悲伤,沮丧) sad; cheerless; gloomy; hopeless or not expecting

discordant: (不和谐的,冲突的) not harmonious; conflicting; disagreeable in sound; harsh or dissonant

discourse: (演讲,谈话) formal, lengthy discussion of a subject; verbal exchange; conversation

discreet: (小心的,谨慎的) free from ostentation or pretension; distinct; distinguishable

discrepancy: (相差,缺乏一致) lack of consistency; difference

disdain: (蔑视) view with scorn or contempt; feel with aversion

disheveled: (肮脏,不整洁) marked by disorder; untidy; having hair in loose disorder

disingenuous: (不诚恳的) giving a false appearance of frankness; not straightforward or candid; insincere or calculating

disinter: (挖出,出土) dig up; unearth; dig up or remove from grave or tomb; bring to public notice

disparage: (忽略,轻视) belittle; speak of in a slighting or disrespectful way; reduce in esteem or rank

disparate: (大相径庭的,没关系的) fundamentally distinct or different in kind; entirely dissimilar

dissemble: (伪装,做作,掩饰) disguise or conceal behind a false appearance; make a false show of

disseminate: (分发,扩散,散布) distribute; spread; scatter like seeds

dissent: (反对) differ in opinion or feeling; withhold assent or approval

dissimulate: (伪装,做作,掩饰) pretend; hide feelings from other people

dissolute: (放纵,挥霍) lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices

distend: (扩大,扩张) swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure

divest: (剥夺) free of; rid; remove all of one's clothing

divulge: (揭开,暴露) reveal; make known to public

doggerel: (打油诗) poor verse; of crude or irregular construction

dolt: (愚蠢的人,蠢货) stupid person; person who is not very bright

dote: (昏聩,溺爱) be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline

dour: (冷峻的,严厉的,铁面的) stubbornly unyielding; marked by sternness or harshness

drawl: (慢吞吞说,拉长腔调说) speaking with slow and lingering utterance, from laziness, lack of spirit; lengthened, slow monotonous utterance

droll: (滑稽可笑,离奇古怪,怪里怪气) queer; amusingly odd; comical

drone: (闲人,雄蜂) idle person; male bee; someone who takes more time than necessary

dulcet: (甜美的(声音)) sweet sounding; pleasing to ear; melodious

duress: ((非法的)限制,关押) forcible restraint, especially unlawfully

ebullient: (热情的,激动的) showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm

eclectic: (折衷的) composed of elements from a variety of sources

efficacy: (功效) power to produce desired effect

effluvia: (废物,弥漫的臭味) waste; foul-smelling outflow or vapor

effrontery: (厚颜无耻) shameless or brazen boldness; insolent and shameless audacity

egress: (出口) act of coming or going out; emergence; right to leave; path or opening for going out

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