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Princeton GRE Vocabulary 2

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elegy: poem or song expressing lamentation; mournful poem

emancipate: free from bondage, oppression, or restraint; liberate

embellish: adorn; make beautiful, as by ornamentation; decorate

emulate: be a match or counterpart for; eager to equal or excel

encomium: high praise; formal expression of praise; tribute

endemic: prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country

enervate: weaken or destroy strength or vitality of; remove a nerve or part of a nerve

engender: cause; bring into existence; give rise to

ennui: feeling of being bored by something tedious

ensign: flag or banner, especially the national flag, or a banner indicating nationality, carried by a ship or a body of soldiers

entangle: twist or interweave as not to be easily separated; make tangled, confused, and intricate; perplex; bewilder; puzzle

entreat: plead; make earnest request of; ask for earnestly

enunciate: speak distinctly; state or set forth precisely or systematically; pronounce; articulate

ephemeral: short-lived; enduring a very short time

epigram: witty thought or saying, usually short; short, witty poem expressing a single thought or observation

epilogue: short speech at conclusion of dramatic work

epistle: a writing directed or sent to a person or persons; a written communication; letter

epithet: word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing

epitome: representative or perfect example of a class or type; brief summary, as of a book or article

equable: tranquil; not varying; uniform; not easily disturbed

equanimity: calmness of temperament; steadiness of mind under stress.

equivocal: open to two or more interpretations and often intended to mislead

erudite: learned; scholarly, with emphasis on knowledge gained from books

escapade: wild and exciting undertaking; adventurous or unconventional act

eschew: avoid; refuse to use or participate in; stand aloof from

esoteric: hard to understand; known only in a particular group

espouse: take in marriage; marry; give one's loyalty or support to; adopt

evanescent: fleeting; vanishing or likely to vanish like vapor

evince: show or demonstrate clearly; overcome; conquer

exacerbate: increase severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate

exacting: making severe demands; rigorous; requiring great care, effort, or attention

excoriate: scold with biting harshness; strip skin off; abrade

exhort: urge on or encourage, especially by shouts; make urgent appeal

expedient: suitable; appropriate to a purpose; serving to promote your interest

expurgate: clean; remove offensive parts of book

extant: still in existence; not destroyed, lost, or extinct

extenuate: weaken; lessen or attempt to lessen seriousness of, especially by providing partial excuses

extirpate: root out; eradicate, literally or figuratively; destroy wholly

extol: praise highly; glorify; celebrate

extrovert: person interested mostly in external objects and actions

exuberance: overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness

facetious: joking ,often inappropriately; humorous

fallacious: false; tending to mislead; deceptive

fatuous: foolish or silly, especially in self-satisfied way

fawn: young deer; buck or doe of the first year; young of an animal

feckless: without skill, ineffective; worthless; lacking purpose

feign: make false appearance of; disguise; conceal; invent or imagine

feint: trick; any distracting or deceptive maneuver

felicitous: apt; suitably expressed; well chosen

felon: person convicted of crime; evil person

ferment: agitation; chemical phenomenon in which an organic molecule splits into simpler substances

ferocity: savage wildness or fierceness; fury; cruelty

ferret: drive or hunt out of hiding; uncover and bring to light by searching

fervid: extremely hot; eager; impassioned; burning

fervor: intensity of feeling; warmth of feeling; intense, heated emotion

fetid: unpleasant-smelling; having offensive smell; stinking

fetter: restrain with U-shaped bar for ankles or feet; impede; hamper

fidelity: faithfulness to obligations, duties, or observances

figurehead: token; figure on the bow of some sailing vessels

filibuster: block legislation by making long speeches

flag: become less intense; sink, or settle from pressure

flak: intense adverse criticism; artillery designed to shoot upward at airplanes; public-relations spokesperson

fledgling: young and inexperienced; having just acquired its flight feathers

fleeting: transient; brief; temporary; passing quickly

flinch: draw back, as with fear or pain

flout: reject; mock; express contempt for rules by word or action; behave with contempt

foible: moral weakness; failing; weak point; slight fault

foment: try to stir up public opinion; promote growth of; apply warm lotion to

forage: hunt for; search; the act of searching for food

ford: place where a river can be crossed on foot; shallow place

forestall: prevent by taking action in advance

forswear: renounce or deny something, especially under oath; swear falsely, usually under pressure

fortuitous: accidental; by chance; coming or occurring without any cause

fractious: inclined to make trouble; disobedient; irritable

fulsome: offensively flattering or insincere; offensive; disgusting

furtive: marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

gaffe: socially awkward or tactless act; foolish error, especially one made in public

gainsay: speak against; contradict; oppose in words; deny or declare not to be true

gamut: entire range; all notes in musical scale

garish: over-bright in color; tastelessly showy

garner: gather; store up; amass; acquire

garrulous: talking much and repetition of unimportant or trivial details

germane: related to the topic being discussed or considered; appropriate or fitting; relevant

glean: gather; collect; pick up

glib: performed with a natural or offhand ease

gloat: feel or express great, often malicious, pleasure or self-satisfaction

glut: fill beyond capacity, especially with food; swallow greedlly

gnaw: bite or chew on with the teeth

goad: urge with a long pointed stick; give heart or courage to

gossamer: sheer, light, delicate, or tenuous

gouge: force with the thumb; make a groove in

grandiloquent: speaking or expressed in lofty style; using high sounding language; overly wordy

gratuitous: given freely; unwarranted; granted without recompense; unearned

gregarious: sociable; seeking and enjoying the company of others

grouse: complain or grumble; seek or shoot grouse

grovel: crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate

hack: cut or chop with repeated blows; break up the surface of; gain access to computer illegally or without authorization

hackneyed: repeated too often; over familiar through overuse

halcyon: idyllically calm and peaceful; marked by peace and prosperity

hallow: make holy; set apart for holy or religious use; consecrate; treat or keep as sacred

hapless: without hap or luck; luckless; unfortunate; unlucky; unhappy

harangue: noisy speech; speech or piece of writing with strong feeling or expression

harbinger: forerunner; an indication of approach of something or someone

harrow: tool of agriculture, usually formed of pieces of timber or metal crossing each other, and set with iron or wooden teeth

hegemony: domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by political group or nation over others

hermetic: sealed by fusion so as to be airtight

hew: cut with an ax; fell with a sharp instrument; form or shape with a sharp instrument; cut

histrionic: characteristic of acting or stage performance

holster: case of leather or similar material for pistol

hone: sharpen; perfect or make more intense or effective

hoodwink: deceive; take in by deceptive means; delude

hubris: excessive pride or self-confidence

husk: shell; outer covering; remove the husk from

hyperbole: figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis; overstatement

idiosyncrasy: behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual

ignoble: of lowly origin; not noble in quality, character, or purpose; unworthy

immutable: unable to be changed without exception; not mutable

impecunious: without money; poor; penniless

impede: hinder; charge with improper conduct; challenge validity of; try to discredit

impediment: any structure that makes progress difficult; stumbling-block

imperious: urgent or pressing; able to deal authoritatively; dictatorial

impetuous: marked by sudden and violent force; hasty; impulsive and passionate

impiety: irreverence; lack of respect for God

implicate: incriminate; involve or imply as necessary accompaniment or result

importune: beg persistently; ask for urgently or repeatedly; annoy

impromptu: without previous preparation

impugn: dispute or contradict, often in insulting way; challenge

impunity: freedom from punishment or harm; exemption from injury, suffering, or discomfort

impute: lay responsibility or blame for, often unjustly

inadvertent: not intentional; not on purpose; careless; negligent; inattentive

inane: silly; senseless; unconsciously foolish; void

incarcerate: imprison; put into jail; shut up or enclose

inchoate: recently begun; imperfectly formed or developed; elementary

incipient: beginning to exist or appear; in an early stage

incise: cut; carve

incumbent: imposed as an obligation or duty; currently holding an office

incursion: aggressive entrance into foreign territory; raid or invasion

indelible: impossible to remove, erase, or wash away; permanent

indigent: poor; experiencing want or need; impoverished

indolent: lazy; slow to heal, grow, or develop; inactive

indomitable: unconquerable; incapable of being overcome

ineffable: unutterable; cannot be expressed in speech

inept: lacking of judgment, sense, or reason; unsuited; inappropriate; foolish

inexorable: not capable of being swayed; unyielding; implacable

infuse: introduce into the body through a vein; undergo the process of infusion

inimical: unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental

inimitable: matchless; not able to be imitated

innocuous: having no adverse effect; harmless

insalubrious: unwholesome; not healthful; not promoting health

insipid: lacking flavor or zest; not tasty; dull

insolvent: bankrupt; unable to repay one's debts

insularity: narrow-mindedness; isolation; state of being isolated or detached

intermittent: periodic; on and off; stopping and starting at intervals

intractable: difficult to manage or govern; stubborn; unyielding

intrepid: fearless; indicating or springing from courage

inundate: overwhelm; cover with water, especially floodwaters

inured: accustomed; made tough by habitual exposure

invective: abusive language used to express blame or ill will

inveterate: deep-rooted; firmly and long established; habitual

irascible: irritable; easily angered; excited by or arising from anger

ire: anger; wrath; keen resentment; irritate

irksome: causing annoyance, weariness, or vexation; tedious

irresolute: uncertain how to act or proceed; undecided; lacking in resolution

irrevocable: unalterable; irreversible; impossible to retract or revoke

jaded: fatigued dulled by surfeit; exhausted; worn out; wearied

jocular: humorous, amusing or joking; sportive; not serious

labyrinth: maze; complex structure of interconnecting passages

lachrymose: weeping or inclined to weep; tearful; showing sorrow

laconic: brief; effectively cut short; marked by use of few words

lament: grieve; express sorrow; regret deeply

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