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Princeton GRE Vocabulary 3

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languish: lose animation; be or become weak or feeble; lose strength or vigor

lassitude: state or feeling of weariness, diminished energy, or listlessness

latent: present or potential but not evident or active; dormant; hidden

lechery: unrestrained indulgence in sexual activity; impurity in thought and deed

lethargic: drowsy; dull; indifferent or apathetic

levity: lack of seriousness; lightness of manner or speech, especially when inappropriate

libel: defamatory statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character

libertine: free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint

lint: flax; fine material made by scraping cotton or linen cloth; raw cotton that has been ginned and is ready for baling

lionize: look on or treat a person as celebrity; visit famous places in order to revere them

lithe: flexible; moving and bending with ease

loll: be lazy or idle; move, stand, or recline in relaxed manner

lope: gallop slowly; run or ride with steady, easy gait; travel an easy pace with long strides

loquacious: talkative; given to continual talking; chattering

lugubrious: mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially to exaggerated degree

lumber: move heavily or clumsily; cut down timber of

macabre: suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome

machination: clever scheme or artful plot, usually crafted for evil purposes

magnate: powerful or influential person, especially in business or industry

maladroit: showing lack of skill; clumsy or awkward

malaise: general sense of depression or unease; vague feeling of bodily discomfort, as at beginning of illness

malapropism: comic misuse of word, especially by confusion with one of similar sound

manacle: handcuff; shackle for hand or wrist; instrument of iron for fettering the hand

mandate: authoritative command or instruction; commission of authorizing to administer a territory

martinet: strict disciplinarian; one who demands absolute adherence to forms and rules

maudlin: tearfully sentimental; over-emotional; sickly-sentimental

maul: handle someone or something in a rough way; cause serious physical wounds

maverick: one that refuses to abide or be independent; an unbranded range animal

mawkish: insincerely emotional; showing a sickly excess of sentiment

mellifluous: flowing or dropping like honey; sweetly or smoothly flowing, especially in sound

mendicant: beggar; religious friar forbidden to own personal property who begs for living

mercurial: capricious; liable to sudden unpredictable change; quick and changeable in temperament

meretricious: of or pertaining to prostitutes; tastelessly showy; lustful; deceptive; misleading

mesmerize: hypnotize; attract strongly, as if with magnet; bring into a state of mesmeric sleep

mettle: quality of endurance and courage; good temperament and character

mince: cut into very small pieces; chop fine; suppress or weaken the force of

misanthrope: one who hates or mistrusts mankind

misdemeanor: minor crime; ill behavior; evil conduct; misdeed

mitigate: make less severe or harsh; moderate

mollify: make less rigid or softer; calm in temper or feeling

molt: shed or cast off hair or feathers

monolithic: constituting or acting as a single, often in rigid or uniform

morbid: caused by disease; pathological or diseased; unhealthy or unwholesome

mordant: bitingly painful; harshly ironic or sinister; serving to fix colors in dyeing

muffler: heavy scarf worn around the neck for warmth; anything used in muffling; part of the exhaust pipe of a car that dampens the noise

multifarious: varied; greatly diversified; made up of many differing parts

nadir: lowest point; point on sphere opposites zenith diametrically

natty: neatly or smartly dressed; neat, trim, and smart

nebulous: lacking definite form or limits; hazy; cloudy

nefarious: very wicked; infamous by being extremely wicked

neologism: new or newly invented word or phrase

neophyte: recent convert to a belief; one newly initiated

nepotism: favoring of relatives or friends because of their relationship rather than their abilities

nexus: connection; tie; core or center

nibble: bite by little at a time; seize gently with the mouth; eat slowly or in small bits

noisome: foul-smelling; offensive by arousing disgust; harmful or dangerous

nondescript: dull and uninteresting; lacking distinct or individual

nostrum: patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable; quack medicine

noxious: harmful to living things; injurious to health

nuance: subtle or slight degree of difference; small difference in meaning

obdurate: hardened in wrongdoing or wickedness; not giving in to persuasion

obfuscate: confuse; muddle; cause confusion; make needlessly complex

obsequious: slavishly attentive; attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

obstreperous: noisily aggressive; making great noise or outcry

obtain: get hold of; gain possession of; acquire, in any way

obtrusive: inclined to intrude or thrust one's self or one's opinions upon others; enter uninvited; forward; pushing; intrusive.

obtuse: lacking in insight or discernment; stupid

obviate: bypass requirement or make it unnecessary; get rid of

odium: strong dislike, contempt, or aversion; hatefulness; disrepute

officious: marked by excessive eagerness in offering unwanted services or advice to others

ominous: threatening; foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

omnipotent: all-powerful; having unlimited or universal power, authority, or force

omniscient: having total knowledge; knowing everything

onerous: burdensome or oppressive; not easily borne; wearing

opprobrious: bringing disgrace; shameful or infamous

ossify: change or form into bone; become set in a rigidly conventional pattern; change from soft tissue to hard bony tissue

ostensible: put forth or held out as real, actual, or intended; proper or intended to be shown

ostentatious: showy; pretentious; trying to attract attention

paean: song of praise or joy; loud and joyous song; song of triumph

palate: roof of the mouth; sense of taste

palliate: lessen violence of disease; moderate intensity; gloss over with excuses

palpitate: beat rapidly; shake with fast, tremulous movements

paltry: insignificant; lacking in importance or worth; worthless

panegyric: formal or high praise; formal eulogistic composition intended as public compliment

panorama: complete view in every direction.

paradigm: one that serves as a pattern or model; system of assumptions, concepts, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality

paragon: model of excellence or perfection; peerless example

pariah: social outcast; person who is rejected from society or home

parochial: narrow in outlook; related to local church community

parsimonious: excessively unwilling to spend; excessively sparing or frugal

partisan: one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party

paucity: scarcity; smallness of number; fewness

peccadillo: slight offense; small sin or fault

pecuniary: relating to money; requiring payment of money

pedagogy: teaching; art of education; science of teaching

pedantic: marked by narrow focus on or display of learning, especially formal rules and trivial points

pellucid: transparent; limpid; easy to understand

penchant: strong inclination; definite liking

penitent: feeling or expressing deep regret for misdeeds

penury: extreme poverty; lack of something; barrenness; insufficiency

peregrination: travel or journey, especially by foot, notably by pilgrim

peremptory: offensively self-assured; dictatorial; not allowing contradiction or refusal

perfidy: act of violating faith or allegiance; violation of a promise or vow, or of trust reposed; faithlessness; treachery

perfunctory: done routinely and with little interest or care; acting with indifference; showing little interest or care

perjury: false testimony while under oath; breach of an oath or promise

pernicious: very destructive; tending to cause death or serious injury; deadly

personable: pleasing in personality or appearance; attractive

perspicacious: having keen insight; mentally perceptive; astute

pertinent: having precise or logical relevance; pertaining or relating

peruse: read or examine, typically with great care

pervade: pass or flow through, as an aperture; permeate; pass or spread through the whole extent of

petrify: convert wood or other organic matter into stony replica; cause to become stiff or stonelike

petulant: easily irritated or annoyed; unreasonably irritable or ill-tempered

philistine: narrow-minded person, uncultured and exclusively interested in material gain

phlegmatic: calm; not easily disturbed; not easily excited to action or passion

picaresque: involving clever rogues or adventurers

pied: having sections or patches colored differently and usually brightly; multicolored

pine: have desire for something or someone; yearn; grieve or mourn for

pious: devout; religious; exhibiting strict, traditional sense of virtue and morality

piquant: pleasantly tart-tasting; stimulating; charming or attractive

pique: sudden outburst of anger; state of vexation caused by a perceived slight or indignity

pivotal: being of vital or central importance; crucial

plaintive: expressing sorrow ;mournful or melancholy; sad

plaque: any flat, thin piece of metal, clay, ivory, or the like, used for ornament, or for painting pictures upon

platitude: dullness; insipidity of thought; commonplace statement; lack of originality

plebeian: crude or coarse; unrefined or coarse in nature or manner; common or vulgar

plethora: excess; over-fullness in any respect; superabundance

pliant: flexible; easily influenced; easily bent or flexed; pliable

plod: move or walk heavily or laboriously; travel slowly but steadily

plumb: checking perpendicularity; exactly vertical

polemical: aggressive in verbal attack; disputatious

poncho: a kind of cloak worn by the Spanish Americans, having the form of a blanket, with a slit in the middle for the head to pass through

ponderous: slow and laborious because of weight; labored and dull

portent: omen; forewarning; something that portends an event about to occur, especially unfortunate or evil event

prattle: speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly; talk artlessly and childishly

preamble: introductory statement; introductory paragraph or division of discourse or writing

precarious: uncertain; risky; dangerously lacking in security or stability

precipitate: rash; moving rapidly and heedlessly; speeding headlong; occurring suddenly

preclude: make impossible, as by action taken in advance; prevent; eliminate

precocious: advanced in development; appearing or developing early

predilection: condition of favoring or liking; tendency towards; preference

preen: make oneself tidy in appearance; feel self-satisfaction

preponderance: superiority in numbers or amount

presage: foretell or predict; indicate or warn of in advance

presumption: act of presuming, or believing upon probable evidence; act of assuming; belief upon incomplete proof

preternatural: being beyond normal course of nature; differing from natural

prevaricate: lie; stray from or evade truth; behave in evasive way such as to delay action

prim: very precise and formal; exceedingly proper

pristine: uncorrupted by civilization; primitive; remaining free from dirt or decay

proclivity: inclination; natural tendency; readiness; facility of learning

prodigious: impressively great in size, force, or extent; enormous

profane: violate; put to improper, unworthy, or degrading use; abuse

profligate: inclined to waste resources or behave extravagantly; wildly immoral

proliferate: grow rapidly; propagate; reproduce

prolific: producing offspring or fruit in great abundance; fertile

propensity: natural inclination; tendency or preference; predilection

propinquity: property of being close together; kinship; nearness; similarity in nature

propitiate: make peace with; appease and render favorable

propitious: presenting favorable circumstances; fortunate; advantageous

proscribe: command against; banish; outlaw

proselytize: induce someone to convert to one's own religious faith

protuberance: something that bulges out; swelling or tumor on the body

provident: displaying foresight; providing carefully for future; preparing for emergencies

provisional: temporary; provided for present need only

prudence: quality or state of being prudent; wisdom in the way of caution and provision; good judgment

prune: cut away; trim; reduce

prurient: having or causing lustful thoughts and desires; having eager desire for something

pucker: gather into small folds or wrinkles; contract into ridges and furrows

punctilious: marked by precise accordance with details

pundit: authority on a subject; learned person; expert

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