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Princeton GRE Vocabulary 4

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pusillanimous: cowardly; lacking strength and firmness of mind

quaff: drink with relish; swallow hurriedly or greedily

quail: draw back, as with fear or pain; show fear

qualm: sudden feeling of sickness or faintness; sudden attack of illness

quandary: dilemma; state of uncertainty or perplexity

quell: extinguish; put down forcibly; suppress; pacify or quiet

querulous: habitually complaining; expressing complaint or grievance

quibble: minor objection or complaint; petty distinction

quiescent: at rest; dormant; temporarily inactive

quintessence: pure, highly concentrated essence of a thing

quirk: sudden sharp turn or twist; strange attitude or habit; peculiarity of behavior

quixotic: idealistic without regard to practicality

rabble: lowest or coarsest class of people; iron bar, with the end bent, used in stirring or skimming molten iron

raconteur: storyteller; one who tells stories and anecdotes with skill and wit

ramify: divide into branches or subdivisions; subordinate branchlike parts

rampant: unrestrained and violent; occurring without restraint

rant: talk excitedly; speak or write in an angry or violent manner

rapacious: excessively greedy; predatory; taking by force; plundering

rarefy: weaken the consistency; purify or refine; lessen the density

rave: speak wildly, irrationally; speak or write with wild enthusiasm

reactionary: opposition to progress or liberalism; extremely conservative

rebuff: offer sudden or harsh resistance; turn down or shut out; repel or drive back

recalcitrant: obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority

recant: retract a previous statement; sing over again; utter repeatedly in song

recast: reconstruct sentence or story; present ideas in new or different arrangement

recidivism: habitual return to crime; committing new offenses after being punished for crime

recluse: one who lives in solitude; withdrawn from the world; reclusive

recompense: render an equivalent to, for service, loss; requite; remunerate; compensate; give in return; pay back

recumbent: reclining; lying down completely or in part

redoubtable: formidable; arousing fear or awe; worthy of respect or honor

refractory: stubborn; unmanageable; obstinately resistant to authority or control

regale: entertain; provide with great enjoyment

relapse: falling back into a former state, especially becoming worse

relegate: assign to obscure place, position, or condition; delegate; assign

relinquish: give up something with reluctance; retire from; give up or abandon

remonstrate: point out; show clearly; make plain or manifest; demonstrate; present and urge reasons in opposition to

render: deliver;give or make available; provide; represent in a drawing or painting

renegade: disloyal person; traitor or rebel

renege: deny; go back on; fail to fulfill promise or obligation

repast: food eaten or provided at a meal; feast; banquet

reproach: express disapproval or disappointment; bring shame upon; disgrace

reprobate: person hardened in sin; person without moral scruples

reprove: voice or convey disapproval of; rebuke; find fault with

repudiate: disown; refuse to acknowledge; reject validity or authority of

requite: repay; revenge; make repayment for or return something

rescind: cancel; make void; repeal or annul

resigned: accepting one's fate; unresisting; patiently submissive; showing hopelessness

respite: usually short interval of rest or relief; delay in punishment

restive: impatient under restraint or opposition; resisting control; difficult to control

retard: keep delaying; continue to hinder; prevent from progress; impede; hinder

reticent: inclined to keep silent; reserved; uncommunicative.

revere: worship; regard with feelings of respect or honor

reverent: respectful; worshipful; impressed with veneration or deep respect

rhetoric: art or study of using language effectively and persuasively; insincere language

ribald: coarse or indecent; humorously vulgar or offensive

rift: shallow area in a waterway; break in friendly relations; narrow fissure in rock

rustic: typical of country life or country people; awkwardly simple and provincial; lacking refinement or elegance

saccharine: having cloyingly sweet attitude, tone, or character; overly sweet

sagacious: perceptive; shrewd; having insight

salacious: lustful; suggestive of or tending to moral looseness

salubrious: healthful; favorable to health; promoting health; wholesome

salutary: tending to improve; beneficial; favorable to health

sanctimonious: excessively or hypocritically pious; possessing sanctity; sacred; holy; saintly; religious

sanguine: cheerfully confident; optimistic; of healthy reddish color; ruddy

satiate: satisfy fully; overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself

satire: form of literature in which irony and ridicule are used to attack human vice and folly

saturnine: gloomy; marked by tendency to be bitter or sardonic

savant: scholar; man of learning or science; one eminent for learning

scabbard: case for sword blade; sheath

scorch: burn superficially; parch, or shrivel, the surface of, by heat; affect painfully with heat; burn

scurrilous: obscene; indecent; expressing offensive reproach

scurvy: fit or deserving to be despised; contemptible; worthless; mean; shabby

sedulous: diligent; hardworking; persevering and constant in effort or application

seminal: influential in original way; providing basis for further development; creative

sententious: concise and full of meaning; using as few words as possible

sequester: isolate; retire from public life; segregate; seclude

serendipity: gift for finding valuable or desirable things by accident; accidental good fortune or luck

serrated: saw-like; having a row of sharp or tooth-like projections

servile: slavish; suitable to slave or servant; relating to servitude or forced labor

shard: fragment of brittle substance, as of glass or metal; piece of broken pottery, especially one found in archaeological dig

sheath: protective covering for a knife or sword; dress suitable for formal occasions

sidestep: avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

simper: smirk; smile in artificial way to make an impression

sinuous: winding; bending in and out; not morally honest

skiff: small, light sailboat; small boat propelled by oars

skit: short, usually comic dramatic performance or work

slack: area of still water; lack of tension; cord, rope, or cable that is hanging loosely; unused capacity; casual trousers

slake: make less active or intense; satisfy thirst

sluggard: lazy person; person habitually lazy, idle, and slow; sluggish; lazy

slur: speak indistinctly; pass over carelessly or with little notice

smolder: burn without flame; be liable to break out at any moment

snare: trap; gin; anything by which one is entangled and brought into trouble

sodden: thoroughly soakedsoaked; expressionless, stupid, or dull, especially from drink

solicitous: worried or concerned; full of desire; expressing care or concern

solvent: able to pay all debts; capable of meeting financial obligations

sophistry: argument for exercise merely; plausible but misleading argument; art or process of reasoning; logic

soporific: sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness

sordid: filthy; unethical or dishonest; dirty; foul; morally degraded

specious: seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading intentionally

spendthrift: one who spends money recklessly or wastefully

splice: fasten together; join at the ends; join by interweaving strands

sponge: soaking up; small absorbent contraceptive pad, used for bathing or cleaning

spurn: reject disdainfully or contemptuously; scorn

squalor: filthy and wretched condition or quality; dirty or neglected state

squander: spend wastefully; fail to take advantage of; lose a chance for

squat: stocky; short and thick; low and broad

stanch: stop or check flow of liquid; stop flow of blood from wound

statute: law enacted by legislature; decree or edict, as of a ruler

stickler: one who insists on something unyieldingly; something puzzling or difficult

stigmatize: accuse; condemn; mark as wicked

stint: length of time spent in particular way; allotted amount; limitation or restriction; fixed amount of work allotted

stodgy: dull, unimaginative, and commonplace; old-fashioned; stuffy

stoic: indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain

stolid: dull; impassive; having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

striated: having parallel lines or grooves on surface

strut: display in order to impress others; swagger; walk with a lofty proud gait

stupefy: make senseless or dizzy; be mystery or bewildering to

stymie: present obstacle; stump; cause to fail or to leave hopelessly puzzled, confused, or stuck

subdue: quiet or bring under control by physical force or persuasion; make less intense; tone down

sublime: of high spiritual, moral, or intellectual worth; characterized by nobility; majestic

suborn: persuade to act unlawfully, especially to commit perjury

subpoena: written order to require appearance in court to give testimony

subtle: slight; be difficult to detect or grasp by the mind

succinct: brief or compact; by clear, precise expression in few words

succor: aid; assist and deliver from suffering; relieve

sumptuous: magnificent and splendid, suggesting abundance and great expense; luxurious

sundry: various; miscellaneous; separate; distinct; diverse

supercilious: arrogant; feeling or showing haughty disdain; overbearing

superfluous: being beyond what is required or sufficient

supplant: replace; usurp; displace and substitute for another

supplicate: ask for humbly or earnestly, as by praying; make humble, earnest petition; beg

surcharge: an additional charge; charge an extra fee

surfeit: eat until excessively full; be more than full; feed someone to excess

surreptitious: secret; done or made by stealth, or without proper authority; made or introduced fraudulently

suture: joining two surfaces or edges together along a line by sewing; material used in sewing

sycophant: one who attempts to win favor by flattering influential people; bootlicker; yes man

tacit: indicated or understood without expressed directly; not speaking; silent

taciturn: silent or reserved in speech; saying little; not inclined to speak or converse

talon: claw of a bird of prey; part of lock that key presses to shoot bolt

tangential: peripheral; only slightly connected; digressing

taunt: reproach in a mocking, insulting, or contemptuous manner; make fun of , often in an aggressive manner

taut: pulled or drawn tight; kept in trim shape; neat and tidy

tautology: unnecessary repetition, especially for same sense in different words ; redundancy

tawdry: cheap in nature or appearance; tastelessly showy; shameful or indecent

temerity: boldness; rashness; foolhardy disregard of danger

temperance: restraint; avoiding excesses

tenacity: firmness of hold or of purpose; persistence

tenuous: long and thin; slender; having little substance

tepid: moderately warm; lacking in emotional warmth or enthusiasm; halfhearted

terse: effectively concise; appearing as if wiped or rubbed, as smooth

thwart: hinder or prevent of ; frustrate

timorous: fearful; demonstrating fear; weakly hesitant

tirade: extended scolding; long angry or violent speech

toady: person who flatters or defers to others for self-serving reasons; yes man

toil: exhausting labor or effort; any thread, web, or string spread for taking prey

torpid: having lost motion, or the power of exertion and feeling; numb; benumbed

torpor: state of mental or physical inactivity or insensibility; sluggishness; dormancy

tortuous: marked by repeated turns or bends; winding or twisting; not straightforward; circuitous

tout: advertize in strongly positive terms; praise excessively; show off

tractable: easily managed or controlled; governable; easily handled or worked; docile

transient: momentary; temporary; staying for short time

transitory: existing or lasting only a short time; short-lived or temporary

travesty: comedy characterized by improbable situations; treatment aimed at making something appear ridiculous

trenchant: forceful, effective, and vigorous; sharp or keen

trifling: trivial; of slight worth or importance; frivolous or idle

trite: repeated too often; over familiar through overuse; worn out by use

truculence: aggressiveness; ferocity; ferociously cruel actions or behavior

trudge: walk or march with labor; jog along; move wearily

turbid: muddy; having sediment disturbed; heavy, dark, or dense, as smoke or fog

turgid: swollen; distended; excessively ornate or complex in style or language

turpitude: depravity; corrupt, depraved, or degenerate act

tyro: beginner in learning something; novice

ubiquitous: being or existing everywhere; omnipresent

untenable: indefensible; not able to be maintained

urbane: showing a high degree of refinement

vacillate: sway unsteadily from one side to the other; oscillate

vent: small opening; means of escape or release; outlet; hole for the escape of gas or air

veracity: truthfulness; unwillingness to tell lies

vilify: debase; degrade; spread negative information about

voracious: ravenous; excessively greedy and grasping; devouring or craving food in great quantities

zealous: enthusiastic; filled with or motivated by zeal

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