GRE verbal reasoning section focuses on vocabulary level. It contains questions of three types:
- Sentence Equivalence
- Text Completion
- Reading Comprehension
Sentence Equivalence questions require test takers to complete sentence by selecting two right words or phrases in options. The two selections should make a sentence with the SAME overall meaning. Both choices must be correct; in other words, you cannot get score if only one choice is right.
Tips for Equivalence questions
When you see a blank to fill out, just as regular text reading, you should read the context carefully and try to fit the blank with your own word. Once you are sure of the overall meaning of the sentence, begin to look at the available options. Because you need get two same meaning sentence, you should notice synonyms, or at least closely similar words. If the possible candidates are more than two among options, you should ensure that the words make logical sense once be inserted in the blank.Practice to enhance your reading skills, especially to understand the intention of sentence quickly. Look for clue words that help your understanding. For example, 'but' and 'however' show changes or contrasts, whereas 'and' and 'moreover' lead similar ideas.
In GRE verbal test, a quarter of score is from Text completion questions. Each test completion question contains one, two or three blanks, and test takers need to finish the sentence by best answers. The final sentence should be make logical sense match with context and in-built clues.
On average test takers need to answer each question in about 1 minute. So you shouldn't spend more than 2 minute on one question. For any questions you are not sure, take notes and only review them if you have spare time.
Text Completion questions are basically vocabulary test as well as Sentence Equivalence questions. Excellent vocabulary level is essential for Text Completion and Sentence Equivalence questions. These two types account for more than half of questions in this section. This is the reason we recommend you to take vocabulary building as first job of GRE preparation.
There are many ways to enrich your vocabulary. To make your working efficiently, you had better study under guiding of tutor. If you used to teach-self, you should evaluate own level correctly and get right word list. For example, some word list includes synonyms that are particularly helpful for Text Completion questions.
Reading comprehension questions are emphasize on logical or reasoning. The questions test the ability to understand context. You need figure out the meanings stated or implied in the passage to answer the questions correctly. In general, you have to read the passage at first, and catch up the main idea, test points such as the author's tone and attitude, and structure of context. When you answer questions, you usually need to scroll fore and back to check relevant point in the text.
Reading comprehension is of half score in the whole verbal reasoning section. One-fifth of them test critical reasoning abilities.
The passages in Reading Comprehension vary in length from short extracts, one or two minutes to read, to small essay, three or four minutes to read. In general, you have to answer questions after completing the reading, each costs about one minutes. In most cases, GRE passages will not have more than 4 questions per passage.